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학술지 A Simple Method for Solving the Voltage Overshoots of LiFePO4-Based Lithium-Ion Batteries with Different Capacity Classes
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저자
김광만, 이영기, 강근영, 양일석, 김종대
발행일
201204
출처
RSC Advances, v.2 no.9, pp.3844-3849
ISSN
2046-2069
출판사
Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)
DOI
https://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c2ra20273e
협약과제
11SB1300, 통합형 플랙서블 필름 전지 시스템 개발, 김광만
초록
To simulate the energy storage process of an energy harvesting device, a step-charging current protocol for LiFePO 4-based lithium-ion batteries is considered, in which lower current rates are applied in both the earlier and latter steps of the voltage profile, while the maximum current (0.2 C-rate) is applied in the middle voltage region. The protocol is applied to three stages of voltage profile, i.e., initial step (stage 1), middle plateau (stage 2), and final step (stage 3) regions. In spite of their capacity-classes, lithium-ion batteries containing sub-μm-sized LiFePO 4 have shown voltage overshoots in the step regions of the voltage profile, thus involving anomalous degradation of active materials and diminishing the stability and safety of the batteries. In order to overcome this overshoot problem, a simple method of blending a small amount of μm-sized LiCoO 2 with the LiFePO 4 is proposed. The results show that adding the LiCoO 2 eliminates voltage overshoots. The small quantity of μm-sized LiCoO 2 extends the operating voltage region as the short appearance of the LiCoO 2 plateau serves to block the emergence of an overvoltage. In addition, battery performance is further improved by an increase in the electrode density brought about by the close packing of different-sized particles. © 2012 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
KSP 제안 키워드
Active materials, Close packing, Current rate, Energy Harvesting(EH), Energy storage, Initial step, Ion batteries, LiCoO 2, LiFePO 4, Maximum current, Middle Voltage