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학술지 Heel Strike Detection Based on Human Walking Movement for Surveillance Analysis
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정성욱, Mark S. Nixon
Pattern Recognition Letters, v.34 no.8, pp.895-902
12VG1100, 사람에 의한 안전위협의 실시간 인지를 위한 능동형 영상보안 서비스용 원거리 (CCTV 주간환경 5m이상) 사람 식별 및 검색 원천기술 개발, 유장희
Heel strike detection is an important cue for human gait recognition and detection in visual surveillance since the heel strike position can be used to derive the gait periodicity, stride and step length. We propose a novel method for heel strike detection using a gait trajectory model, which is robust to occlusion, camera view, and low resolution. When a person walks, the movement of the head is conspicuous and sinusoidal. The highest point of the trajectory of the head occurs when the feet cross (stance) and the lowest point is when the gait stride is the largest (heel strike). Our gait trajectory model is constructed from trajectory data using non-linear optimisation. Then, the key frames in which the heel strikes take place are calculated. A Region Of Interest (ROI) is extracted using the silhouette image of the key frame as a filter. For candidate detection, Gradient Descent is applied to detect maxima which are considered to be the time of the heel strikes. For candidate verification, two filtering methods are used to reconstruct the 3D position of a heel strike using the given camera projection matrix. The contribution of this research is the first use of the gait trajectory in the heel strike position estimation process and we contend that it is a new approach for basic analysis in surveillance imagery. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Gait, Gait trajectory model, Heel strike detection, Walking direction
KSP 제안 키워드
Basic analysis, Filtering method, Gait trajectory, Heel Strike, Human walking, Key frame, New approach, Non-linear optimisation, Position Estimation, Region Of Interest(ROI), Step length