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학술지 Polarization Control in Graphene-Based Polymer Waveguide Polarizer
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저자
김진태, 최홍규
발행일
201810
출처
Laser & Photonics Reviews, v.12 no.10, pp.1-7
ISSN
1863-8880
출판사
WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA
DOI
https://dx.doi.org/10.1002/lpor.201800142
협약과제
17FS1100, 광통신 시스템 기반의, 10 um 능동 정렬이 가능한 1300만 화소급 360° Action CAM.용 자동 Align 시스템 개발, 김진태
초록
Polarizers have been intensively investigated theoretically and experimentally, with innovative device designs and emerging optical materials. However, the polarization state and extinction ratio in a waveguide polarizer are not changeable, owing to the passive device operation principles. In this study, a polarization-switchable graphene waveguide polarizer based on the polarization-dependent light absorption of graphene film of different thicknesses and micro-opto-mechanical systems (MOMS) technology is demonstrated. A superstrate on which graphene layers of different thicknesses are integrated is positioned on the optical waveguide core, and is mechanically pushed to suppress the unwanted polarization state. Graphene thickness on the superstrate plays a key role in switching the device's polarization state: A few-layer graphene film on the superstrate attenuates the transverse-electric (TE) mode, making the device transverse-magnetic (TM) passing, while a many-layer graphene diminishes the TM mode, making the device TE passing. The dynamic optical attenuation function is automatically configured via accurate and discrete mechanical adjustment of the air gap between the superstrate and the waveguide core. The theoretical simulation and the experimental result exhibit good agreement. This work introduces an idea for tuning the polarization state in a polarization diverse coherent optical system and may contribute to a wide range of applications in MOMS systems.
키워드
graphene, integrated optics devices, optical waveguides, polarizers, surface plasmons
KSP 제안 키워드
Air-gap, Different thicknesses, Experimental Result, Few-layer Graphene, Graphene layer, Graphene thickness, Integrated optics devices, Key role, Light absorption, Optical waveguides, Opto-Mechanical