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학술대회 What Do Pedestrians See?: Left Right Pose Classification in Pedestrian-View Using LRPose Recognizer
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최승민, 이재영
International Conference on Ubiquitous Robots (UR) 2021, pp.1-4
21HS1600, 불확실한 지도 기반 실내ㆍ외 환경에서 최종 목적지까지 이동로봇을 가이드할 수 있는 AI 기술 개발, 이재영
A robot moving on an outdoor sidewalk can recognize its location using GPS signals. However, in urban environments surrounded by skyscrapers, GPS signals are often inaccurate. Or, even if it is accurate, it is not easy to know in which lane the robot is located on a road that is several tens of meters wide. In this article, an interesting image-based neural network is proposed to recognize the position of a moving robot on the sidewalk. In detail, we propose a classifier, Left Right Pose (lrpose) recognizer, that determines whether the pedestrian is on the left side or on the right side of the road in pedestrian-view. The image is assumed to be a frontal image taken from the sidewalk. The lrpose recognizer converts the input image into a features map through convolution layers, and classifies the features into three classes: left, right, and uncertain. About 36, 000 ground truth images were collected for training the network. In order for the lrpose recognizer to work robustly against changes in illumination, weather, and environment, images acquired in downtown and suburbs, night and day were included. In the experiment, the proposed lrpose recognizer showed an accuracy of 94.7 % in suburban areas, 74.75 % in urban areas with very high population density, and 84.7 % in combination.
KSP 제안 키워드
Image-based, Moving robot, Neural networks, Population Density, Pose classification, Urban area, ground truth, urban environment