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학술지 Highly Transparent Amorphous Silicon Solar Cells Fabricated Using Thin Absorber and High-Bandgap-Energy n/i-Interface Layers
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임정욱, 신명훈, 이다정, 이성현, 윤선진
Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, v.128, pp.301-306
We used very thin (i.e., ~115-nm-thick) absorbers to fabricate full-penetration (FP) semitransparent a-Si:H solar cells for building-integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) windows and introduced high-bandgap (HB) n/i-interface layers to decrease shunt loss and increase carrier collection. The optoelectronic properties of the fabricated cells showed that the HB layers improved the fill factor by decreasing shunt loss and increased the short-circuit current density by enhancing generated-carrier collection. We used scattering matrix analysis to simulate the transmittance characteristics of the semitransparent solar cells fabricated using the HB layers and showed that the HB layers shifted the transmission peak to longer wavelengths. We used a figure of merit (FOM), the product of the efficiency and the average transmittance in the range 400-800 nm, to represent the performance of the semitransparent solar cells and compared the FOMs of the cells fabricated for application to BIPV windows. The cell fabricated using triple HB layers showed the highest FOM, more than 20% higher efficiency than the reference cell (fabricated without using any HB layers), and its transmittance was similar to that of the reference cell. Fabricating FP semitransparent a-Si:H solar cells with triple HB layers and evaluating their optoelectronic performances will be very useful for implementing high-performance BIPV windows. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
KSP 제안 키워드
Building-integrated photovoltaics, Figure of merit, High performance, Higher efficiency, Matrix Analysis, Performance BIPV, Reference cell, Short circuit current density, Thin absorber, a-Si:H solar cells, amorphous silicon solar cells