The horizontal regulatory system refers to “the system under which factors and functions of services are horizontally separated, the factors and functions of the same characteristics are each grouped into the same layers, then the same regulatory principles are applied to the same layers, and regulatory intervention between different layers is minimized.” In order to implement the horizontal regulatory system, layers should first be divided, but there has not thus far been a generalized layer classification, and according to nations, methods vary to classify the layers and to apply the horizontal regulation. Likewise, the European Union separated the layers into carriage layer and content layer and then completely reshuffled the regulatory system. The US pursues a mutual regulatory balance within the existing framework of communications and broadcasting. Also, in an effort to go from gradual reshuffling to complete reshuffling within the existing framework, Japan is striving to separate the layers into network, service/platform, and contents layers, to integrate communications-related laws, and thus to plan to enact Information Communication Act(tentative). although different in the layers and types, these nations try to respond to the integration and convergence of communications and broadcasting by reshuffling them horizontally. However, Korean situations are different. With regard to the introduction of diverse multimedia services including IPTV(TV over the Internet), only disputes have continued for three years over whether IPTV is communication service or broadcasting service; as a stopgap measure, an Internet Multimedia Broadcasting Business bill has established and been submitted to the National Assembly for approval. No progress has been made with regard to the total legal system reshuffling aimed at encompassing both communications and broadcasting. Amid this situation, with the establishment of the transit committee for launching a new government, sooner or later, regulatory problems with respect to organizational reshuffling or convergence services will be addressed. Thus, more importantly at this point, it should be discussed how a new legal system combining broadcasting and communications should be determined. However, until a new regulatory agency to be installed stabilizes itself with the planned launching of a new government, there is a high possibility that a discussion on a new legal system may be deferred. Then, it is now very necessary to prepare for a full-swing legal reshuffling. To that end, it is necessary to analyze foreign nations' cases of implementing the horizontal regulatory system, and to continue monitoring and forecasting the domestic broadcasting and communications markets with a view to determining the regulatory direction. Furthermore, a mid- and long-term roadmap for revamping the legal system should be established, future values should be explored for ensuring a smooth revamping of the system, and creative alternative should be explored to revamp the future-oriented legal system.
KSP 제안 키워드
Communication services, Different layers, European Union, Existing framework, Full Swing, Information and communication, Legal system, Multimedia Service, Regulatory system, multimedia broadcasting
한국전자통신연구원 지식공유플랫폼에서 제공하는 모든 저작물(각종 연구과제, 성과물 등)은 저작권법에 의하여 보호받는 저작물로 무단복제 및 배포를 원칙적으로 금하고 있습니다. 저작물을 이용 또는 변경하고자 할 때는 다음 사항을 참고하시기 바랍니다.
저작권법 제24조의2에 따라 한국전자통신연구원에서 저작재산권의 전부를 보유한 저작물의 경우에는 별도의 이용허락 없이 자유이용이 가능합니다. 단, 자유이용이 가능한 자료는 "공공저작물 자유이용허락 표시 기준(공공누리, KOGL) 제4유형"을 부착하여 개방하고 있으므로 공공누리 표시가 부착된 저작물인지를 확인한 이후에 자유이용하시기 바랍니다. 자유이용의 경우에는 반드시 저작물의 출처를 구체적으로 표시하여야 하고 비영리 목적으로만 이용이 가능하며 저작물을 변형하거나 2차 저작물로 사용할 수 없습니다.
<출처표시방법 안내> 작성자, 저작물명, 출처, 권호, 출판년도, 이용조건 [예시1] 김진미 외, "매니코어 기반 고성능 컴퓨팅을 지원하는 경량커널 동향", 전자통신동향분석, 32권 4호, 2017, 공공누리 제4유형 [예시2] 심진보 외, "제4차 산업 혁명과 ICT - 제4차 산업 혁명 선도를 위한 IDX 추진 전략", ETRI Insight, 2017, 공공누리 제 4유형
공공누리가 부착되지 않은 자료들을 사용하고자 할 경우에는 담당자와 사전협의한 이후에 이용하여 주시기 바랍니다.