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Journal Article Opportunistic Beamforming Communication With Throughput Analysis Using Asymptotic Approach
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Minghua Xia, Yuanping Zhou, Ha Jeoung Lak, Chung Hyun Kyu
Issue Date
IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, v.58 no.5, pp.2608-2614
Project Code
09MR6400, Wideband Wireless Channel Modeling based on IMT-Advanced, Chung Hyun Kyu
The opportunistic beamforming system (OBS) is currently receiving much attention in the field of downlink beamforming due to its simple random beamforming, low feedback complexity, and same throughput scaling obtained with perfect channel-state information using dirty paper coding at the transmitter. In this paper, we focus on its closed-form throughput evaluation over Rayleigh fading channels, based on the asymptotic theory of extreme order statistics. First, the throughput of a single-beam OBS is investigated, and an analytical solution tighter than the previously reported one is derived. Then, the asymptotic throughput bounds on a multibeam OBS are presented, and also, our analytical expression is shown to be very tight with the simulation results even with fewer users. After that, we argue that the reported conclusion that the single-beam OBS is much preferable to the multibeam OBS in the high-signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR) regime is inaccurate, but that, instead, it is satisfied only when the number of users is very small, due to its limited multiuser diversity gain. Finally, we show that four transmit beams is the most preferable in the multibeam OBS with a large number of users and moderate SNR, which arrives at the tradeoff between increasing spatial multiplexing gain and disappearing multiuser diversity gain. © 2009 IEEE.
KSP Keywords
Analytical Solution, Asymptotic theory, Beamforming system, Channel State Information(CSI), Dirty paper coding, Diversity gain, Multiuser diversity, Number of users, Opportunistic beamforming, Random Beamforming, Rayleigh Fading Channel