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학술지 Secure Mobile Device Structure for Trust IoT
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이윤경, 김정녀, 임경수, 윤현수
Journal of Supercomputing, v.74 no.12, pp.6646-6664
17HH6100, (IoT 운영체제-총괄) 스마트 경량 IoT 기기용 운영체제 보안 핵심 기술 개발, 김정녀
In the IoT environment, all devices are connected to each other, and mobile device is considered as key device. But hacking into mobile devices is increasing rapidly with the increase in mobile device users. As the market share of Android OS increases, hacking of mobile devices has focused on Android devices. Although there are many security solutions for mobile devices, they are fragmentary for mobile threats; that is, they are solutions for only several threats rather than comprehensive solutions. There is hence a limit to protecting user's and company's data stored or used on mobile devices from various types of hacking. To address this, we propose a mobile device protection technology based on domain isolation. Virtualization technology has emerged to increase CPU utilization in server-class PCs and to run various OSs in one system. As these virtualization technologies become lightweight, they are beginning to be applied to embedded devices. In this paper, we applied this lightweight embedded virtualization technology to mobile devices to divide mobile devices into two areas. Therefore, users can have hidden area from hacker attack in addition to Android OS area which can use same as existing mobile device. There is a hardware-based mobile security solution using an secure element, but this has to be reflected in the manufacturing process of the mobile device. However, since the domain separation technology using the virtualization, proposed in this paper, is a software solution, it has an advantage that it can be applied to a device that is already in use. In addition, to protect the hidden area, application authentication/authorization and user authentication technology were applied. And we use white-box cryptography to get root of trust of the key which is used for secure storage and data encryption/decryption. We believe this is a fundamental solution for protecting the mobile device users from hacking. We implemented and tested various mobile applications operating on a mobile device that incorporates our proposed structure based on domain isolation. There is some performance degradation caused by the domain separation, but it is negligible. According to, the chips for mobile phones have evolved and mobile phones will soon become supercomputers. In this case, the addition of virtualization to the mobile device will have less impact on the computing power of the mobile device, and data protection stored in mobile devices and secure execution environment of security programs will become more important issues. Therefore, our TeeMo structure is a necessary technology to protect mobile device users.
KSP 제안 키워드
Android Devices, Android OS, Authentication technology, CPU Utilization, Computing power, Data protection, Device structure, Domain separation, Embedded Devices, Embedded Virtualization, Fundamental solution