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학술지 Morphological and Photoelectrochemical Characterization of Core-Shell Nanoparticle Films for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells: Zn-O Type Shell on SnO2 and TiO2 Cores
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저자
N.-G. Park, 강만구, K. M. Kim, K. S. Ryu, S. H. Chang, D.-K. Kim, J. van de Lagemaat, K. D. Benkstein, A. J. Frank
발행일
200404
출처
Langmuir, v.20 no.10, pp.4246-4253
ISSN
0743-7463
출판사
American Chemical Society(ACS)
DOI
https://dx.doi.org/10.1021/la036122x
초록
Core-shell type nanoparticles with SnO 2 and TiO 2 cores and zinc oxide shells were prepared and characterized by surface sensitive techniques. The influence of the structure of the ZnO shell and the morphology of nanoparticle films on the performance was evaluated. X-ray absorption near-edge structure and extended X-ray absorption fine structure studies show the presence of thin ZnO-like shells around the nanoparticles at low Zn levels. In the case of SnO 2 cores, ZnO nanocrystals are formed at high Zn/Sn ratios (ca. 0.5). Scanning electron microscopy studies show that Zn modification of SnO 2 nanoparticles changes the film morphology from a compact mesoporous structure to a less dense macroporous structure. In contrast, Zn modification of TiO 2 nanoparticles has no apparent influence on film morphology. For SnO 2 cores, adding ZnO improves the solar cell efficiency by increasing light scattering and dye uptake and decreasing recombination. In contrast, adding a ZnO shell to the TiO 2 core decreases the cell efficiency, largely owing to a loss of photocurrent resulting from slow electron transport associated with the buildup of the ZnO surface layer.
KSP 제안 키워드
Core-shell type nanoparticles, Dye uptake, Dye-sensitized solar cells(DSCs), Electron Transport, Macroporous structure, Nanoparticle films, Scanning electron microscopy(S.E.M.), SnO 2, Solar cell efficiency, Structure studies, Tio 2