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학술지 Optical Analysis of Power Distribution in Top-Emitting Organic Light Emitting Diodes Integrated with Nanolens Array Using Finite Difference Time Domain
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한경훈, 박영삼, 조두희, 한윤제, 이종희, 유병곤, 조남성, 이정익, 김장주
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, v.10 no.22, pp.18942-18947
American Chemical Society(ACS)
18ZB1200, 임플란터블 능동 전자소자 원천기술 개발, 이정익
Recently, we have addressed that a formation mechanism of a nanolens array (NLA) fabricated by using a maskless vacuum deposition is explained as the increase in surface tension of organic molecules induced by their crystallization. Here, as another research using finite difference time domain simulations, not electric field intensities but transmitted energies of electromagnetic waves inside and outside top-emitting blue organic light-emitting diodes (TOLEDs), without and with NLAs, are obtained, to easily grasp the effect of NLA formation on the light extraction of TOLEDs. Interestingly, the calculations show that NLA acts as an efficient light extraction structure. With NLA, larger transmitted energies in the direction from emitting layer to air are observed, indicating that NLAs send more light to air otherwise trapped in the devices by reducing the losses by waveguide and absorption. This is more significant for higher refractive index of NLA. Simulation and measurement results are consistent. A successful increase in both light extraction efficiency and color stability of blue TOLEDs, rarely reported before, is accomplished by introducing the highly process-compatible NLA technology using the one-step dry process. Blue TOLEDs integrated with a N,N??-di(1-naphthyl)-N,N??-diphenyl-(1,1??-biphenyl)-4,4??-diamine NLA with a refractive index of 1.8 show a 1.55-times-higher light extraction efficiency, compared to those without it. In addition, viewing angle characteristics are enhanced and image blurring is reduced, indicating that the manufacturer-adaptable technology satisfies the requirements of highly efficient and color-stable top-emission displays.
finite difference time domain (FDTD), light extraction, nanolens, organic light-emitting diode (OLED), top-emitting blue OLED
KSP 제안 키워드
Blue OLEDs, Color stability, Dry process, Electromagnetic waves(EM), Extraction structure, Finite Difference Time Domain(FDTD), Formation Mechanism, Image blurring, One-step, Optical analysis, Organic light-emitting diodes(OLEDS)