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학술지 A Low Switching Noise and High-Efficiency Buck Converter Using a Continuous-Time Reconfigurable Delta-Sigma Modulator
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조영균, 김명돈, 김철영
IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, v.33 no.12, pp.10501-10511
17HF1400, 차세대 무선통신용 반도체 기반 스마트 안테나 기술 개발, 현석봉
This paper presents a delta-sigma modulation control scheme for buck converters that features a reconfigurable loop filter with a scalable sampling frequency for effective switching noise reduction and high conversion efficiency. Depending on the load current, the proposed controller changes the sampling frequency along with the delta-sigma modulator (DSM) structure to transform between third- and second-order loop filters. Thus, it maintains a robust noise shaping capability and reduces the power consumption over a wide load range. The loop filters are implemented with a single op-amp resonator to reduce multiple integrators into a single element and enhance controllability of the resonance. More power-efficient operation is obtained by a switching node assisted deadtime controller (SADTC) that regulates the body-diode conduction. The proposed DSM-based buck converter was fabricated on a 180 nm CMOS. A spurious-free output spectrum with a noise floor below -81 dBm was achieved across all sampling frequencies. It operated at a wide range sampling frequencies of 3.75-15 MHz and regulated the output in the range of 1.0-2.4 V with input voltages of 2.5-5.5 V. The output voltage ripples were maintained under 19 mV. The converter showed a conversion efficiency of better than 80% over a load range of 1-1000 mA with a peak efficiency of 95.4% at 125 mA.
Buck converter, conversion efficiency, deadtime control, delta-sigma modulator (DSM), single op-amp resonator (SOR), switching noise
KSP 제안 키워드
Continuous-Time, Control scheme, Conversion efficiency(C.E.), Delta-Sigma Modulation, Delta-Sigma Modulator, Diode conduction, Efficient operation, High conversion efficiency, Load current, Modulation control, Noise reduction(NR)