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학술대회 A Fully Vacuum-sealed, Miniature X-ray Tube with Carbon Nanotube Field Emitters for Compact Portable Dental X-ray System
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저자
박소라, 정진우, 김재우, 강준태, 윤기남, 연지환, 김성희, 전효진, 고은솔, 이정웅, 송윤호
발행일
201802
출처
Medical Imaging 2018: Physics of Medical Imaging, pp.1-6
DOI
https://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.2293472
협약과제
18JB1400, 고속, 가변 프레임의 디지털 엑스선 소스를 이용한 엑스선 투시 영상 시스템 기술 개발, 송윤호
초록
There have been many efforts to develop x-ray sources using field electron emitters instead of conventional thermionic cathodes for digital controlling of x-rays in medical imaging. Specially, portable x-ray systems need a miniature x-ray tube with less-power consumption, easy insulation of high voltage and light shielding of x-rays. Carbon nanotube (CNT) has attracted much attention as the most promising field emitter due to its geometric high aspect ratio, high physical and chemical inertness. To date, however, CNT field emitters have not been satisfactorily incorporated into a fully vacuum-sealed x-ray tube due to their instability and/or unreliability. We successfully developed a fully vacuum-sealed, miniature x-ray tube with CNT emitters for portable dental x-ray systems. The x-ray tube was designed in a triode configuration with a self-electron focusing gate and reliable CNT emitters, and was fully vacuum-sealed within a miniaturized volume of 15 mm in diagonal and 65 mm in length, very tiny and small as compared with conventional thermionic one. The nominal focal spot size of the x-ray tube is 0.4 mm with an operational tube voltage of 65 kV and a current of 3 mA, which offers quite good x-ray images of a human tooth phantom. No heating the miniature x-ray tube for electron emission leads to easy insulation of high tube voltage and light shielding of x-rays, giving a compact and light portable x-ray system. Furthermore, digital operation of the x-ray tube through an active-current control could provide a commercial lifetime along with pretty good stability.
KSP 제안 키워드
Carbon nano-tube(CNT), Electron Emission, Field electron emitters, High Voltage, High aspect ratio, Medical Imaging, Miniature X-ray tube, Power Consumption, Spot size, Thermionic cathodes, Tube voltage