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학술지 Perceptually Correct Haptic Rendering in Mid-Air Using Ultrasound Phased Array
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Ahsan Raza, Waseem Hassan, Tatyana Ogay, 황인욱, 전석희
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, v.67 no.1, pp.736-745
18ZS1300, 주력 산업 고도화를 위한 지능형 상황인지 기반 기술 개발, 장병태
This paper provides a perceptually transparent rendering algorithm for an ultrasound-based mid-air haptic device. In a series of experiments, we derive a systematic mapping function relating from the device command value to final user's perceived magnitude of a mid-air vibration feedback. The algorithm is designed for the ultrasonic mid-air haptic interface that is capable of displaying vibro-tactile feedback at a certain focal point in mid-air through ultrasound phased array technique. The perceived magnitude at the focal point is dependent on input parameters, such as input command intensity, modulation frequency, and position of the focal point in the work-space. This algorithm automatically tunes these parameters to ensure that the desired perceived output at the user's hand is precisely controlled. Through a series of experiments, the effect of the aforementioned parameters on the physical output pressure are mapped, and the effect of this output pressure to the final perceived magnitude is formulated, resulting in the mapping from the different parameters to the perceived magnitude. Finally, the overall transparent rendering algorithm was evaluated, showing better perceptual quality than rendering with simple intensity command.
KSP 제안 키워드
Focal point, Haptic rendering, Input parameters, Mid-air haptic, Modulation frequency, Perceptual Quality, Phased array technique, Ultrasound phased array, Vibration feedback, haptic device, haptic interface