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학술지 Facile Functionalization of Poly(Dimethylsiloxane) Elastomer by Varying Content of Hydridosilyl Groups in a Crosslinker
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저자
박승구, 박봉제, 최미정, 김동욱, 윤재웅, 신은진, 윤성률, 박선택
발행일
201911
출처
Polymers, v.11 no.11, pp.1-11
ISSN
2073-4360
출판사
MDPI
DOI
https://dx.doi.org/10.3390/polym11111842
협약과제
19DS1100, 초점가변 폴리머 렌즈/미러 개발, 박선택
초록
Crosslinked poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) has been widely used as a dielectric elastomer for electrically driven actuators because it exhibits high elasticity, low initial modulus, and excellent moldability in spite of low dielectric constant. However, further improvement in the characteristics of the PDMS elastomer is not easy due to its chemical non-reactivity. Here, we report a simple method for functionalizing the elastomer by varying content of hydridosilyl groups in PDMS acted as a crosslinker. We synthesized poly(dimethylsiloxane-co-methylvinylsiloxane) (VPDMS) and poly(dimethylsiloxane-co-methylsiloxane) (HPDMS). Tri(ethylene glycol) divinyl ether (TEGDE) as a polar molecule was added to the mixture of VPDMS and HPDMS. TEGDE was reacted to the hydridosilyl group in HPDMS during crosslinking between VPDMS and HPDMS in the presence of platinum as a catalyst. Permittivity of the crosslinked film increased from ca. 25 to 36 pF/m at 10 kHz without a decline in other physical properties such as transparency and elasticity (T > 85%, E ~150 kPa, 琯 ~270%). It depends on the hydridosilyl group content of HPDMS. The chemical introduction of a new molecule into the hydridosilyl group in HPDMS during crosslinking would provide a facile, effective method of modifying the PDMS elastomers.
KSP 제안 키워드
Dielectric elastomer(DE), Divinyl ether, Initial modulus, It depends, Low dielectric constant, PDMS elastomer, Physical Properties, electrically driven, ethylene Glycol(Poly), high elasticity, polar molecule
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