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학술지 Ultrafast Wavelength-dependent Carrier Dynamics Related to Metastable Defects in Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Solar Cells with Chemically Deposited Zn(O,S) Buffer Layer
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저자
이우정, 조대형, 배정민, 김명언, 박재헌, 정용덕
발행일
202008
출처
Nano Energy, v.74, pp.1-8
ISSN
2211-2855
출판사
Elsevier
DOI
https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoen.2020.104855
협약과제
19JB1900, 무독성 버퍼층을 갖는 다색 플렉서블 박막 태양전지 기술 개발, 정용덕
초록
The Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) solar cells were fabricated with a Zn(O,S) buffer layer via chemical bath deposition method (CBD) using different thiourea (TU) mole concentration. The solar cells showed a substantial increment in the performance after light soaking treatment for 1 h. The performance increment was found to be in proportion to the TU mole concentration used in Z(O,S) layer deposition. To understand the cause of increased efficiency, we examined the metastable defect states that were reversible and reproducible in the CIGS solar cell. Firstly, to understand the film quality and the interface between CBD-Zn(O,S) and the CIGS layer, chemical states and band alignment along the depth direction was studied from the results of X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS). It was observed that as the TU mole concentration increased, the distribution of S atoms in the CBD-Zn(O,S) layer changed from Gaussian to almost straight line due to the existence of numerous Zn?밪 bonds at the interface. With the actively diffused S atoms toward CIGS, a hollow band region was formed at the interface of the CIGS/CBD-Zn(O,S) layers, suppressing the electron-hole recombination, and thus enhancing the cell efficiency. Further, to measure the metastable defect states, optical pump-THz probe (OPTP) spectroscopy was utilized with two pumps having beam energies of 400 nm and 800 nm, which were sensitive enough to detect the defect states at an ultrafast time scale. We observed a unique and unusual decay curve of a re-excitation process after the initial ultrafast decay. The decay was contributed by ??(VSe?밮Cu) divacancy complex,?? which is considered a metastable defect state predominantly found near the surface of CIGS layer. The (VSe?밮Cu) metastable defect states were filled by photocarriers and then the re-excited photocarriers contributed to the expeditious flow of the photocurrent, giving rise to the increment of the cell efficiency.
키워드
Chemical bath deposition-Zn(O,S), Cu(In,Ga)Se solar cell 2, Light soaking, Metastable defect, Optical pump-THz probe spectroscopy, Ultrafast carrier dynamics
KSP 제안 키워드
1 H, Buffer layer, CIGS layer, CIGS solar cell, Cell Efficiency, Chemical bath deposition(CBD), Chemical bath deposition method, Chemical states, Electron-hole recombination, Layer deposition, Light soaking