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학술지 AI-Based Stroke Disease Prediction System Using ECG and PPG Bio-Signals
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저자
유재학, 박세진, 권순현, 조강희, 이한성
발행일
202204
출처
IEEE Access, v.10, pp.43623-43638
ISSN
2169-3536
출판사
IEEE
DOI
https://dx.doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2022.3169284
초록
Since stroke disease often causes death or serious disability, active primary prevention and early detection of prognostic symptoms are very important. Stroke diseases can be divided into ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke, and they should be minimized by emergency treatment such as thrombolytic or coagulant administration by type. First, it is essential to detect in real time the precursor symptoms of stroke, which occur differently for each individual, and to provide professional treatment by a medical institution within the proper treatment window. However, prior studies have focused on developing acute treatment or clinical treatment guidelines after the onset of stroke rather than detecting the prognostic symptoms of stroke. In particular, in recent studies, image analysis such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computed tomography (CT) has mostly been used to detect and predict prognostic symptoms in stroke patients. Not only are these methodologies difficult to diagnose early in real-time, but they also have limitations in terms of a long test time and a high cost of testing. In this paper, we propose a system that can predict and semantically interpret stroke prognostic symptoms based on machine learning using the multi-modal bio-signals of electrocardiogram (ECG) and photoplethysmography (PPG) measured in real-time for the elderly. To predict stroke disease in real-time while walking, we designed and implemented a stroke disease prediction system with an ensemble structure that combines CNN and LSTM. The proposed system considers the convenience of wearing the bio-signal sensors for the elderly, and the bio-signals were collected at a sampling rate of 1,000Hz per second from the three electrodes of the ECG and the index finger for PPG while walking. According to the experimental results, C4.5 decision tree showed a prediction accuracy of 91.56% while RandomForest showed a prediction accuracy of 97.51% during walking by the elderly. In addition, the CNN-LSTM model using raw data of ECG and PPG showed satisfactory prediction accuracy of 99.15%. As a result, the real-time prediction of the elderly stroke patients simultaneously showed high prediction accuracy and performance.
KSP 제안 키워드
C4.5 Decision Tree(C4.5 DT), Clinical treatment, Computed tomography(C.T), Decision Tree(DT), Disease prediction, Early Detection, Emergency treatment, Hemorrhagic stroke, Image Analysis, Index finger, Magnetic resonance(MR)
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